Saturday, May 23, 2020

USS Boxer (Cv-21) During Korean War

Conceived in the 1920s and early 1930s, the US Navys  Lexington- and  Yorktown-class aircraft carriers were built to fit within the restrictions set forth by the  Washington Naval Treaty. This placed limitations on the tonnage of different types of warships as well as capped each signatory’s overall tonnage. These types of restrictions were continued through the 1930 London Naval Treaty. As global tensions rose, Japan and Italy left the agreement in 1936. With the end of the treaty system, the US Navy began developing a design for a new, larger class of aircraft carrier and one which utilized the lessons learned from the  Yorktown-class. The resulting type was wider and longer as well as incorporated a deck-edge elevator system. This had been employed earlier on  USS  Wasp  (CV-7). In addition to carrying a larger air group, the new class mounted a greatly enlarged anti-aircraft armament. The lead ship,  USS  Essex  (CV-9), was laid down on April 28, 1941. With the US entry into  World War II  after the  attack on Pearl Harbor, the  Essex-class became the US Navys standard design for fleet carriers. The first four ships after  Essex  followed the types initial design. In early 1943, the US Navy made changes to enhance future vessels. The most noticeable of these was the lengthening the bow to a clipper design which allowed for the addition of two quadruple 40 mm mounts. Other changes included moving the combat information center below the armored deck, installation of improved aviation fuel and ventilation systems, a second catapult on the flight deck, and an additional fire control director. Though known as the long-hull  Essex-class or  Ticonderoga-class by some, the US Navy made no distinction between these and the earlier  Essex-class ships. USS Boxer (CV-21) Construction The first ship to move forward with the revised  Essex-class design was USS  Hancock  (CV-14) which was later renamed Ticonderoga.  It was followed by several others including USS Boxer  (CV-21).  Laid down on September 13, 1943,  construction of Boxer  began at Newport News Shipbuilding and rapidly moved forward.  Named for HMS Boxer  which had been captured by the US Navy during the War of 1812, the new carrier slid into the water on  December 14, 1944, with Ruth D. Overton, daughter of Senator John H. Overton, serving as sponsor.  Work continued and  Boxer  entered commission on April 16, 1945, with Captain D.F. Smith in command. Early Service Departing Norfolk,  Boxer  commenced shakedown and training operations in preparation for use in the Pacific Theater of World War II.  As these initiatives were concluding, the conflict ended with Japan asking for a cessation of hostilities.  Dispatched to the Pacific in August 1945, Boxer  arrived at San Diego before departing for Guam the following month.  Reaching that island, it became flagship of Task Force 77.  Supporting the occupation of Japan,  the carrier remained abroad until August 1946 and also made calls in Okinawa, China, and the Philippines.  Returning to San Francisco,  Boxer  embarked Carrier Air Group 19 which flew the new Grumman F8F Bearcat.  As one of the US Navys newest carriers, Boxer  remained in commission as the service downsized from its wartime levels. After conducting peacetime activities off California in 1947, the following year saw  Boxer  employed in jet aircraft testing.  In this role, it launched the first jet fighter, a North American FJ-1 Fury, to fly from an American carrier on March 10.  After spending two years employed in maneuvers and training jet pilots,  Boxer  departed for the Far East in January 1950.  Making goodwill visits around the region as part of the 7th Fleet, the carrier also entertained South Korean President Syngman Rhee.  Due for a maintenance overhaul,  Boxer  returned to San Diego on June 25 just as the Korean War was beginning. USS Boxer (CV-21) - Korean War:   Due to the urgency of the situation,  Boxers overhaul was postponed and the carrier was quickly employed to ferry aircraft to the war zone.  Embarking 145 North American P-51 Mustangs and other aircraft and supplies, the carrier departed Alameda, CA on July 14 and set a trans-Pacific speed record by reaching Japan in eight days, seven hours.  Another record was set in early August when  Boxer  made a second ferry trip.  Returning to California, the carrier received cursory maintenance before embarking the Chance-Vought F4U Corsairs of Carrier Air Group 2.  Sailing for Korea in a combat role,  Boxer  arrived and received orders to join the fleet gathering to support the landings at Inchon.   Operating off Inchon in September,  Boxers aircraft provided close support to the troops ashore as they drove inland and re-captured Seoul.  While performing this mission, the carrier was stricken when one of its reduction gears failed.  Caused due to postponed maintenance on the vessel, it limited the carriers speed to 26 knots.  On November 11,  Boxer  received orders to sail for the United States to make repairs.  These were conducted at San Diego and the carrier was able to resume combat operations after embarking Carrier Air Group 101.  Operating from Point Oboe, approximately 125 miles east of Wonsan,  Boxers aircraft struck targets along the 38th Parallel between March and October 1951.   Refitting in the fall of 1951, Boxer  again sailed for Korea the following February with the Grumman F9F Panthers of Carrier Air Group 2 aboard.  Serving in Task Force 77, the carriers planes conducted strategic strikes across North Korea.  During this deployment, tragedy struck the ship on August 5 when an aircrafts fuel tank caught fire.  Quickly spreading through the hanger deck, it took over four hours to contain and killed eight.  Repaired at Yokosuka,  Boxer  re-entered combat operations later that month.  Shortly after returning, the carrier tested a new weapons system which used radio-controlled Grumman F6F Hellcats as flying bombs.  Re-designated as an attack aircraft carrier (CVA-21) in October 1952,  Boxer  underwent an extensive overhaul that winter before making a final Korean deployment between March and November 1953. USS Boxer (CV-21) - A Transition: Following the end of the conflict,  Boxer  made a series of cruises in the Pacific between 1954 and 1956.  Re-designated an anti-submarine carrier (CVS-21) in early 1956, it made a final Pacific deployment late that year and into 1957.  Returning home,  Boxer  was selected to take part in a US Navy experiment which sought to have a carrier solely employ attack helicopters.  Moved to the Atlantic in 1958,  Boxer  operated with an experimental force intended to support the rapid deployment of US Marines.  This saw it again re-designated on January 30, 1959, this time as a landing platform helicopter (LPH-4).  Largely operating in the Caribbean, Boxer  supported American efforts during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962 as well as used its new capabilities to aid efforts in Haiti and the Dominican Republic later in the decade. With the US entry into the Vietnam War  in 1965, Boxer  reprised its ferry role by carrying 200 helicopters belonging the US Armys 1st Cavalry Division to South Vietnam.  A second trip was made the following year.  Returning to the Atlantic, Boxer assisted NASA in early 1966 when it recovered an unmanned Apollo test capsule (AS-201) in February and served as the primary recovery ship for Gemini 8 in March.  Over the next three years, Boxer  continued in its amphibious support role until being decommissioned on December 1, 1969.  Removed from the Naval Vessel Register, it was sold for scrap on March 13, 1971.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   USS Boxer  (CV-21) At a Glance Nation:  United StatesType:  Aircraft CarrierShipyard:  Newport New ShipbuildingLaid Down:  September 13, 1943Launched:  December 4, 1944Commissioned:  April 16, 1945Fate:  Sold for scrap, February 1971 USS Boxer (CV-21) - Specifications Displacement:  27,100 tonsLength:  888 ft.Beam:  93 ft.Draft:  28 ft., 7 in.Propulsion:  8 Ãâ€" boilers, 4 Ãâ€" Westinghouse geared steam turbines, 4 Ãâ€" shaftsSpeed:  33 knotsComplement:  3,448 men USS Boxer (CV-21) - Armament 4 Ãâ€" twin 5 inch 38 caliber guns4 Ãâ€" single 5 inch 38 caliber guns8 Ãâ€" quadruple 40 mm 56 caliber guns46 Ãâ€" single 20 mm 78 caliber guns Aircraft 90-100 aircraft Selected Sources DANFS: USS  Boxer  (CV-21)NavSource: USS  Boxer  (CV-21)USS  Boxer  (CV-21) Veterans Association

Monday, May 18, 2020

Essay on Psychotic Disorders

â€Å"A New Kind of Delusion† discusses an exploration by psychiatrist Joel Gold and philosopher Ian Gold. The brothers have been studying a growing mental illness in which a person believes they are, unknowingly, the star of a reality television show. As this sounds somewhat like the protagonist’s actual fate in the 1998 film â€Å"The Truman Show,† the brothers have coined the condition the ‘Truman Show delusion’. Gold and Gold deem this to be a culturally based display of psychotic thinking. The brothers hypothesise that certain aspects of modern culture could be driving this drift of the Truman Delusion. They suggest that extensive video surveillance in some cities, for example, could create a plausible reason for people to believe people are watching them. Gold and Gold are also particularly fascinated by the idea that such elements of culture may be affecting people with no apparent mental illness. Critics say the occurrence is old wine in new bottles as it contains similar features as other psychotic delusions. Psychiatrist David Downing mentions, as an example, that delusional people during World War II believed that the Germans were spying on them. However, the Gold brothers maintain that certain aspects of the Truman Show delusion are original, such as the fact that it extends to everyone in the sufferer’s life rather than to only a specific group, and its potential to affect otherwise mentally healthy people. Joel Gold claims that more attention needs to be paid to a patient’s culture and background, when diagnosing and treating them. Reaction â€Å"A New Kind of Delusion† is a fascinating read. The article provides enough information to give the reader an insight into the subject, but is interesting enough to encourage them to research it further. The Golds say that they are not claiming a delusion about being watched is a new mental illness, but simply that the Truman Show delusion shows that culture has a significant influence on psychosis. Downing’s point, that psychosis has always been influenced by culture, such as during World War II and the Cold War, is valid. When viewed from this angle, it does appear that the Truman Show delusion is merely another variety of the same illness, and that the cultural influence aspect is something that medical professionals have been aware of for a long time. However, as the Golds argue, it seems that this particular delusion is more extensive than any previous examples. On reading the article, one of the things to strike me was how potentially difficult the Truman Show delusion could be to diagnose. If a patient believes that everyone in his life is part of the TV show, then this would include his psychiatrist. Therefore, it is possible that the patient wouldn’t tell the truth, as he would feel that the psychiatrist was also party to the conspiracy against him. Although delusions about being watched are not new to the field of abnormal psychology, the Truman Show delusion does appear to contribute as it is far more broad than other examples. Furthermore, the notion that this delusion could draw in an otherwise healthy individual is much more unique and, if this is true, much attention needs to be given to it. As discussed, World War II is known to have influenced people’s delusions at the time. However, the war was a huge event that took over millions of people’s everyday lives, whereas â€Å"The Truman Show† was just a film. The two cultural events are on completely different scales, and the fact that a film can have as big, if not bigger, an impact than a world war is ground-breaking.

Monday, May 11, 2020

Checks and Balances Essay - 956 Words

Checks and Balances The doctrine of separation of powers developed over many centuries. This practice doctrine can be traced to the British Parliaments gradual assertion of power and resistance to royal decrees during the 14th century. Political theorist, John Locke wrote about the concept of separation of powers in his Second Treatise of Government (1690). In the United States, the separation of powers is a fundamental constitutional principle. The framers of this Constitution saw the need to divide power within the government to prevent a single group from ruthlessly taking over the country. Articles I through III of the Constitution of the United States place each of the basic powers of government in a separate branch. This†¦show more content†¦The legislative branch, Congress, has the power to make laws valid for the whole country. Powers like the regulation of taxes, regulation of commerce between the states and with foreign countries, the power to declare war, and the power to impeach the President are some of the issues the legislative branch has to deal with. Congress has two chambers (or houses): the Senate and the House of Representatives (the house). Executive power is vested in the office of the President of the United States. The President has the dual role of being the chief of state and the head of government. The President is also commander in chief of the armed forces. He issues executive orders, and appoints Supreme Court justices (with senate approval). The president is also called the chief legislator because he indirectly proposes many bills, considers all bills from Congress and signs them into law or vetoes them. Judicial power is given to the Supreme Court. All nine federal judges are appointed by the President and serve during good behavior, usually meaning for life. The judges cannot be removed from office except for criminal behavior or malfeasance. This makes them less vulnerable to political pressure and outside influence. The main feature of the independent role for the courts lies in their power to interpret the Constitution. They review the constitutionality of laws and executive orders. There areShow MoreRelatedChecks and Balances678 Words   |  3 PagesCivilization. Checks and balances The Constitution separates the power of government into three branches: the legislative power is vested in the Congress, the executive power rests with the President and his bureaucracy and the judicial power is granted to the Supreme Court and other federal courts. Whereas each branch of government has separate and particular powers as listed in the Constitution, each branch is also given the power, duty and ability to control and balance the other(s) in a systemRead MoreChecks and Balances1128 Words   |  5 Pages Checks and Balances. Checks and balances is a system that is a part of out U.S. Constitution. This system was put in to place so that no part of government would have too much power. The three branches: judicial, legislative and executive are constantly granting and checking the other branches actions, this is to make sure no one person can gain an excessive amount of control in government. For example according to , the legislative branch is in charge of making laws. The executive branch canRead MoreThe System Of Checks And Balances859 Words   |  4 PagesKevin nunez Power and Politics midterm essay. DR. Zagorcheva Explain the system of checks and balances within the American government and its significance. Be sure to provide examples and discuss alternative views. The purpose for our Constitution was to implement a new government with three equal branches that balance and check each other. The three branches are formed and is important that the maintain balance in Legislative, executive and Judiciary branches in order for our government to notRead MoreChecks and Balances Essay852 Words   |  4 Pageshave some control over the other branches. The three branches ultimately work together to give us the government we know today. The following will explain the responsibilities and restrictions each branch of government are given, and how they ‘check and balance’ each other. The legislative branch is responsible for making laws and includes Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Senate has 100 members, two from each state. The house of representatives is made up of 435 membersRead MoreThe System Of Checks And Balances Essay1446 Words   |  6 Pagesflow of power in the system of checks and balances was created to protect the principles of democracy and sovereignty in the United States, But Even though there is a separation of powers, its clear to argue that the executive branch(President) is the most important branch and there are flaws in the system of checks and balances. II Signifigance of the Topic The system of checks and balances is an significant part of the Constitution because With checks and balances, each of the three branches ofRead MoreChecks and Balances Essay1080 Words   |  5 PagesChecks and balances In the United States Constitution, there is a specific system designed to prevent one of the three branches from gaining control or much power. This system is known as Checks and Balances. The system has been put on the effect due to many instances over the course of the year history. The designed system of Checks and Balances is very open yet complex. For example, if the President executive is not fulfilling his responsibilities as a leader or behaving inappropriately, the LegislativeRead MoreChecks And Balances Essay1036 Words   |  5 PagesCreating checks and balances in the United States (US) Government was a goal achieved by dividing power into three governmental branches; legislative branch (Congress), executive branch (Presidency), and a judiciary branch. The power flows from the Judicial Branch to both Congress and Presidency and back again from both branches. The power also flows back and forth between Congress and the Presidency. According to Founder James Madison, they h ad to â€Å"enable the government to control the governed,Read MoreSystem Of Checks And Balances1114 Words   |  5 Pagesby one branch that could ultimately lead to an authoritarian regime. In order to do this, the drafters of the Constitution implemented a system of checks and balances in nearly all aspects of the new republics government. One of these checks and balances was the distribution of foreign policy power between Congress and the President. This balance of power would be an important deterrent to one branch of the government abusing its power which could result in catastrophic decisions such as draggingRead MoreChecks and Balances Essay636 Words   |  3 PagesBen Favorite POL 101 American Government J. M. Pullen 3/15/12 Checks and Balances In late 2011 President Obama sent troops to Libya to aid in the search for Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, and he did so without congressional approval. Under the War Powers Resolution the President has 60 days (in some cases 90 days) to acquire permission from congress for the mission to continue. However when Mr. Obama passed the 60 day deadline without congressional approval, the question was posed, â€Å"Does PresidentRead MoreSeparation of Powers and Checks and Balances654 Words   |  3 PagesThere are both similarities and differences, when referring to checks and balances and separation of powers. Both have to do with the Government. But separation of powers is a model of government in which different parts of the government are in charge of different tasks; in the United States, these parts are known as the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. Checks and balances is a means of trying to ensure that these three parts of government stay equal, and that one does not try to take over

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Relationship of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay

The Relationship of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth In Shakespeares play Macbeth, deception plays a very large part in the relationships and thoughts about and towards others. There are phrases thought or talked about by Macbeth and his wife which signify the similarities between them and deceive other. Fair is foul and foul is fair The witches say this at the very beginning of the play (1.1.11) and it is written to confuse us as two phrases that are together and have a link yet are mysterious and have a hidden meaning that is that Macbeth can seem very kind and loyal but actually is evil and treacherous or the opposite with other characters. They are then repeated later on by Macbeth who phrases†¦show more content†¦I am settled, and bend up Each corporal agent to this terrible feat. Away, and mock the time with fairest show False face must hide what the false heart doth know (1.7.79-82) Macbeth says this after Lady Macbeth has persuaded him to join her in this terrible feat of manslaughter. He now understands what she was talking about when she said hide your desires and how you do that. This is fundamental deception and again links Macbeth to the witches as they deceive people in the exact way that Macbeth does. You cannot tell a man from his face Macbeth proves this saying with his every action. I think this as he is trying to lie and cover up what he has done but is so conscious of the deed that it haunts him, that he finds doing this impossible. When Macbeth is told by the witches that he is going to become king he reacts to the words All hail Macbeth, that shalt be King here-after (1.3.49) in a way that lets us know that he has thought about being king and murder before, but what we do not know is whether or not Macbeth has discussed this with his wife yet. This is then revealed in act 1 scene 5, when Macbeth walks in on Lady Macbeth talking to herself about being more powerful and plotting to murdering King Duncan. Then when the couple talk about the plot together it shows that the thought has already passed through both their minds and yet has notShow MoreRelatedRelationship Between Macbeth And Lady Macbeth745 Words   |  3 PagesChristina James Ms. Berryman Academic English III, Period 1 21 December, 2015 Relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in The Tragedy of Macbeth In relationships, the power given to both partners must be balanced in order to have any success. Once one person feels they are above the other one, chaos and anger might result. Back in the Elizabethan era, men and women had two completely different roles in society, the roles of women were very limited. Men were superior and were considered as leadersRead MoreRelationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth804 Words   |  4 PagesHow does the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change throughout the play? In the early stages of the play, the Macbeths seem to be a devoted couple. Their love and concern for each other remains strong and constant throughout the play, but their relationship changes dramatically following the murder of King Duncan in Act 2. The Macbeths relationship is presented in very strong terms in Act 1 by virtue of their sense of togetherness and resolve when separated by war and when placedRead MoreThe Relationship of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth Essay1386 Words   |  6 PagesThe Relationship of Macbeth and Lady Macbeth At the start of the play Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are seen as a united couple. They appear to have no secrets from one another, and seem to the audience as though they are equal: My dearest partner of greatness - this is what Macbeth calls his wife - partner signifying equality and greatness suggesting standing. During the course of the play, their relationship faces serious obstacles and strains are put on their loyaltiesRead MoreMacbeth And Lady Macbeth Relationship Essay928 Words   |  4 PagesAllthrough â€Å"Macbeth†, there are quite a change in the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. It shows how their relationship dramatically changes after how they handle each other’s emotions. Lady Macbeth was manipulative and overpowering in their relationship. She was more violent and ambitious than her husband, Macbeth. In the other hand, Macbeth would be considered daring and brave yet self-doubt. The start of their marriage, Lady Macbeth reads a letter from her husband, â€Å"This have I thoughtRead MoreRelationship Between Macbeth And Lady Macbeth720 Words   |  3 PagesLady Macbeth and Macbeth have an interesting relationship. There are many aspects that show a healthy relationship, things that show how open they are to each other, like trust and support. Yet there are also aspects that show a disastrous relationship. One that does not benefit their lives the way that one should. There is some hostility and disrespect, and a very manipulative wife. Throughout the story their relationship becomes increasingly unhealthy, but was it ever healthy to begin with. Read MoreThe Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth in Shakespeares Macbeth448 Words   |  2 PagesWhat is a relationship? Is it a sharing of understanding and trials with another human being, a connection between a man and a woman emotionally and sexually, or could it be, just simply, a compassion or love intertwined between two souls? These aspects of relationship and more are illustrated in Shakespeare’s famous tragedy Macbeth. The way Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s relationship changes drastically throughout the play is an example of how fragile a relationship really is. With one word or actionRead MoreChanging Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth1173 Words   |  5 PagesHow does the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change throughout the play? In the early stages of the play, the Macbeths seem to be a devoted couple. Their love and concern for each other remains strong and constant throughout the play, but their relationship changes dramatically following the ruthless killing of King Duncan in Act II. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth and his lady are very close, this is supported by how he referred to her in his letter as â€Å"my dearest partner ofRead MoreChanging Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth1157 Words   |  5 PagesHow does the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth change throughout the play? In the early stages of the play, the Macbeths seem to be a devoted couple. Their love and concern for each other remains strong and constant throughout the play, but their relationship changes dramatically following the ruthless killing of King Duncan in Act II. At the beginning of the play, Macbeth and his lady are very close, this is supported by how he referred to her in his letter as â€Å"my dearest partner ofRead MoreThe Transformation of the Relationship Between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth1022 Words   |  5 PagesMacbeth, a tragedy play by written William Shakespeare. Throughout the play the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth is the engine that drives the tragedy of the play. Macbeth is a play about a Scottish knight named Macbeth who comes back from battle and meets three ‘witches’. They predict that Macbeth shall become king. At first he was skeptical though when it was announced by King Duncan that he will be made Thane of Cawdor, the next in line for king for his bravery on the battlefieldRead MoreEssay The Relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth2391 Words   |  10 PagesIn this essay I will discuss the relationship between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth. I will explain how their relationship is different to traditional relationships of the time. At the time, Jacobean people believed that the men were stronger then the woman. They believed that, when married, the husband would be in control and the wife would have no choice but to do what their husband asked. Macbeth and Lady Macbeth’s relationship was every different. Macbeth was written between 1606 and 1611 by William

Cell Phones- How Have They Changed Us Socially Free Essays

Some people might find it hard to believe that there was once a time when cell phones weren’t around. Having to recall a time when letters were used to get messages back and forth from one person to another. Then slowly we added the addition of phones. We will write a custom essay sample on Cell Phones- How Have They Changed Us Socially? or any similar topic only for you Order Now In the beginning phones were just a way to contact people if they happend to be home when called. Then we invented cell phones. With them we can make and receive calls in almost any location and we can send text messages . Cell phone use has increased in the past years because is really easy and economic to have one. Year into year cell phones become better and better. Today , except making and receiveing calls and also texting messages, we can do a lot of interesting things with them. For example we can listen to music, record voice notes, make video clips, play games, take pictures, access the internet and many other things. But there is also a bad side of cell phones. They affected the way we socialize these days; if you notice people are starting to text their friends and family instead if actually speaking verbally. Many adolescents and also older generations spend more time sending text messages or chatting on Facebook than speaking You go out to dinner and look around and see people out with family but there is no conversations going on at the table mostly just huh†¦ yeah†¦ mmhm.. , because they are busy texting someone not there on their phones. I feel human communicant is slowly disappearing among friends and family. You even see parent’s texting their kids when in the same house to discuss something with them. Our communication between each other is depending on a little electronic device. People use cell phones in public places, and during church. I have even seen ten-year olds walking across the street texting their friends instead of paying attention to the cars. If things continue like this, I feel we will forget how to deal with certain communication situations face to face. If you ask my opinion, I would very insulting to get dumped over a text. If you think that is bad you should have seen the percentage of people who admitted texting or talking on the phone while using the toilet How to cite Cell Phones- How Have They Changed Us Socially?, Essay examples

Operations Management Reflective Discourse

Question: Discuss about the Operations Management for Reflective Discourse. Answer: As an electrical engineer, I was taught to work on variety of projects related to development new electronics. My work relates to designing, developing and maintaining electrical control systems and components to required specifications thereby focusing on quality, reliability and safety aspects of the work. Presently, I am undertaking operations management course as different topics that will be covered under this module closely relate to the work I was earlier engaged in and will be engaged in the future. I am sure that the study of this module will help me to form an integrated view related to what all activities are carried out before a product or service is made available to the end consumer. However, the topic controlling processes has attracted my attention the most as I had had a prior experience of working in manufacturing and process department. During that time, I had observed that after every plan, methods, procedures and standards of control were set. It made me realize that planning and controlling move in close harmony with each other in the context of operations. While planning is important to identify what is to be done, controlling is important to determine the quality of the work that is done. Controlling processes is concerned with coping with the changes that occur in and around the organisations and can be applied to any process or procedure to improve bottom line performance of the process or the procedure. Additionally, implementing control on the processes is necessary to produce output that conforms to the norms and requirements of the consumers and the regulatory authorities. Therefore, I am positive that the knowledge gained from studying this topic will be useful in my professional career. I am of the opinion that controlling processes is important from the organisations point of view because it helps an organisation to achieve its goals by reducing the gap between expected results and the actual results to the minimum. It helps in judging accuracy of working standards and to maintain order and discipline by eliminating wasteful practices and processes leading to less than desirable outcomes. Moreover, controlling processes helps to ensure efficient use of human and physical resources of the organisation leading to work and cost efficiencies. My understanding from the past work experiences are that monitoring and controlling process is far more messy and difficult to implement in real organisations. Organisations, being social systems, are complex and ambiguous. Hence, their objectives are often not clear and at times are even conflicting. Furthermore, the outputs from processes are not always measurable. In such context and uncertainty, establishing proper control is difficult to achieve. Thus, controlling processes will open in front of me the vast possibilities of things that can be controlled be it input, output or behaviour. Also it made me realize the fact that how accustomed we are to working in a highly controlled work setting. It will equip me with knowledge about different tools that can be used to control processes like control charts, cost estimates, usage estimates, etc. Along with this, I also learned how to set control standards and measuring units. I came across certain work related aspects that are difficult to measure and such processes were left at the best judgments of the manager in charge of that particular process. Therefore, a process manager has to be active, mindful of his/her work and good at identifying and pin pointing even minor irregularities at the work. As an electrical and electronics engineering graduate, I am only aware of the what and how of the machines and operations but i think that this particular topic will help me understand the why of different processes, machines and operations. After completion of this module, I will be in the position to not just understand the problems that can be encountered during a process but I will also understand why it is necessary to maintain or control processes from the point of view of a business. This module will provide me with the ability to think and take decisions from managerial perspective. Thus, the ability to think critically from managerial perspective will help me professionally and allow me to take up managerial positions in the future. Lastly, I would like to end this reflection with a quote which was continuously running in my mind all the while I was working on this report. The quote is Prevention is better than Cure. The same goes for controlling the processes and operations of any organisation. Regular monitoring and controlling of the processes helps an organisation to become proactive rather than reactive. Controlling processes helps in early identification of probable problems in the organisation thereby allowing the organisation to develop solutions to tackle them. This in turn helps organisations to save their valuable resources, time and human efforts.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Iranian Women free essay sample

However, not every place in the world is as lucky as the women here in the United States. Women of Middle Eastern descent from the ninetieth and twentieth century had it fairly different than their contemporary American counterparts. The lives of two Middle Eastern woman, Shemsigul, a Circassian slave and Bibi Maryam, a Bakhtiyari tribal woman exemplify the differences of growing up in the Middle East. Both women were born of complete opposite statures as well as living through different political and economical change.Shemsigul was born into a poor Circassian family, which led her family to sell her to slave dealers in hope of obtaining a better life and gain access into the Ottoman elite social structure. Although Shemsigul family’s intentions were favorable, â€Å"female slaves in an Ottoman-Egyptian elite harem were restricted in their freedom of movement, association and choice of partners† (Burke, 61). Shemsigul had no particular stature or known family to which her name was known from, but was better known as a â€Å"woman with a healthy sense of her own worth and a remarkable ability to utilize the system to her advantage† (Burke, 49). We will write a custom essay sample on Iranian Women or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Even though Shemsigul was a slave and of lower status, she was able to work through the legal system and prevail against her slave dealer who raped and impregnated her. Bibi Maryam on the other hand was born into a more identifiable life. Being the daughter of the paramount chief, she â€Å"played an important role of the anti-British politics in Iran during World War I in defiance of the Qajar government and the leading Bakhityari khans† (Burke, 103). The Bakhtiaris have been considered both a political and tribal unit.Unlike Semsigul who obtained her identity through legal compensations, Maryam’s â€Å"social identity was derived from her birth and marriage, which provided her with the capacity for undertaking initiatives in her own right† (Burke, 105). Both Shemsigul and Maryam’s lives were impacted by major political and economic change. Shemsigul lived under the Ottoman control where slavery was still widespread. Semsigul was bought by Deli Mehmet and taken overseas to Cairo, to where she was raped and became pregnant by Mehmet.In the nineteenth-century the Ottoman Empire was solid and the most substantial Muslim power in the world, thus leading Egypt to become one of the richest and most imperative regions of the empire. â€Å"Under Mehment Ali Pasha, Egypt experienced a period of military and economic expansion† (Burke, 53). It was in Egypt, where slavery became an essential part of their society. Shemsigul’s life was affected immensely while in Egypt as she was sold back and forth through slave dealers. Being a female white slave, Shemsigul became a minority in the midst of the slaves that resided in Egypt. Various slaves worked in the household, whereas others were brought into the harems to where they became part of the Ottoman-Egyptian elite. In contrast, Maryam being a part of the Bakhtiari tribe faced different political and economical change. The Bakhtiari are the largest tribe in Iran and with a history of about eight thousand years and a spatial dispersion over several provinces, they have played a major role in economic, social and political developments in Iran. The tribe has undergone changes in coping with political, social and environmental issues.During the Qajar period (1795-1925), when the central government was especially weak, the nomadic tribes formed tribal confederations and acquired a great deal of power and influence. In many areas these tribal confederations were virtually independent and negotiated with the local and national governments for extensive land rights. While the men were absent during this period, the women of the khans’ become commanders of t he household. â€Å"During the time of the khans’ absence, the bibis also gained an economic independence no know to previous generations of tribal women: (Burke, 108).This fabricated into an increase in independence of the Bakhtiyari women. The women also played in important role of facilitating a strong alliance with the Qajar government through marriage. This also aided in intervening with disputes during the constitutional revolution. â€Å"The efforts of the Bakhtiyari khans were successful, and they became known as the heroes who saved the constitution, in large part due to the efforts of the women. Shemsigul and Maryam both lived similar yet different lives. Both women were strong independent and fought for what they wanted. Shemsigul was a Circassian slave, that lived through many hardships, whereas Maryam being a Bakhtiari women had more status and freedom than most Iranian women. Many significant Iranian politicians, governors of provinces and other dignitaries are of Bakhtiari origin. They lived extremely polar opposite lives but both made their mark in Middle Eastern History. Source: Burke III, Edmund, and David Yaghoubian. Struggle and Survival in the Modern Middle East. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2006 .